Try this 15-question GCSE quiz to see how much you know about tectonic processes, volcanoes and the impact of volcanic eruptions.

If you haven't already done it, work through the ‘Mt Fuji: sleeping giant?’ investigation on the PowerPoint to find out more about volcanoes. Or look at it again to help fill in any gaps in your knowledge!

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HIGH SCORES

Rank Name Score
1st EFA 30
2nd K.B 30
3rd HRH 30
4th M+F 30
5th 3JT 30
6th TSL 30
7th IMD 29
8th 3JT 29
9th NTQ 29
10th 123 29

QUIZZES // Volcanic eruptions

Q1. What is the most accurate definition of a volcano?

A mountain filled with lava

A rupture in the Earth’s crust

A continuously active hazard

A gap where tectonic plates meet

Q2. Which of these is not a geographical term to describe the state of a volcano

Dormant

Active

Volatile

Extinct

Q3. What type of hazard is a volcanic hazard?

Tectonic

Human

Biological

Atmospheric

Q4. Which of these is not a reason to live in the shadow of a volcano?

Fertile soil

Geothermal energy

Tourism

Sulphur gases

Q5. Which of these is not a warning sign that a volcano might be about to erupt?

Animals acting strangely or oddly

Gathering thunderstorms

Changes in the shape or structure of the volcano

Changes in groundwater temperature

Q6. Which of these terms describes the buildings, utilities and networks of a place such as a city?

Capacity

Population

Infrastructure

Services

Q7. Which of these do you think is most important to maintain in the aftermath of a massive volcanic eruption?

Airports

Hospitals

Banks

Internet connections

Q8. Which of these is likely to be a long-term impact of substantial ash fall in the wake of a volcanic eruption?

Collapsed buildings

Overwhelmed emergency services

Disrupted communications

Increases in respiratory illnesses such as asthma

Q9. How might a volcanic eruption affect tourism?

Loss of tourism due to infrastructure damage

Loss of tourism due to increased costs

Loss of tourism due to government regulations

Loss of tourism due to decreased fear

Q10. Which of these protection measures do you think is most effective in a volcanic eruption, when thinking about saving lives?

Emergency supply kit

Warning system

Evacuation plan

Satellite imagery

Q11. Why might the impacts of a volcanic eruption last for a long time, compared with other hazards?

The damage may take longer to fix

The ash may take a long time to clear

People may be too afraid to go outside

There might be additional hazards such as aftershocks.

Q12. Which of these is the term for the location of a volcano which is sited away from tectonic plate boundaries?

Hotspot

Hot zone

Hot area

Hot plate

Q13. Which of these is a famous example of a volcanic hotspot?

Haiti

Hawaii

Hungary

Honduras

Q14. Approximately what percentage of the Earth’s surface is volcanic in origin?

50%

60%

70%

80%

Q15. How many active volcanoes are there, approximately, worldwide?

500

1000

1500

2000

Finished!

You scored this time. The more correct answers you give, and the fewer incorrect answers you guess, the better your score.

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