Test your knowledge of UK physical landscapes for GCSE with this 14-question quiz.
If you haven't already done it, work through the physical processes web enquiry on the PowerPoint. Or do it again to help fill in any gaps in what you know!
A detailed proposal for doing something.
An action or series of actions that have a particular result.
Carrying out something regularly.
Made ready for use.
Glacial transportation and deposition
Aeolian processes (wind)
U-shaped valley – the deep, flat-bottomed and steep-sided valley carved by a glacier.
Arête – the sharp-edged, steep-sided rock ridge that is left when two glaciers are near each other.
River meander – where there is a river cliff on one side of the bend and a small beach (slip-off slope) on the other side.
River waterfall – where there is a harder band of rock above a softer layer and the river erodes the less resistant layer, undercutting the more resistant layer.
Energy stored in an object because of its position – for example, a bag of flour on top of high kitchen shelf.
Energy stored in the bonds of chemical compounds – for example, the energy stored in petroleum that released energy when it is set alight.
Energy stored in the bonds keeping the nucleus of an atom together – for example, the energy released when uranium atoms are split apart in a nuclear chain reaction.
Energy that an object has because of its motion – for example, a bag of flour falling from a high shelf towards your head.
Yes, because they are higher above sea level and so have more gravitational potential energy.
Yes, because the load carried by mountain rivers hasn’t yet been broken down by erosion.
No, because rivers on floodplains have smooth beds and wide channels, giving them much more kinetic energy than mountain rivers.
No, because mountain rivers have very rocky and angular beds which produces much more friction.
A negative correlation
A positive correlation
A best fit line
It takes more energy to entrain the very smallest particles because they stick together.
Once they are entrained, it takes very little energy to transport the smallest particles.
It only takes a small decrease in velocity for large particles to be deposited.
Larger particles take more energy to erode than smaller particles.
Winter storms create high-energy waves that can move larger pebbles and rocks higher up the beach than normal.
Longshore drift carries sediment along the beach but it can get deposited if there are obstacles up and down the beach, e.g. groynes.
This is because of beach management techniques designed to reduce cliff retreat.
This occurs where waves have a more powerful backwash than swash (destructive waves).
Flow speed / velocity
Depth of water
Clay banks and river bed
A smooth river bed
A rough river bed
Glacial outwash plains would have the largest sediment (rocks, boulders) furthest from the glacier’s snout as these would be deposited last.
Glacial outwash plains would have unsorted sediment – a mix of all different sizes of sediment.
Glacial outwash plains would have the smallest sediment (silt, sand) closest to the glacier’s snout as these would be deposited first.
Glacial outwash plains would have the largest sediment (rocks, boulders) closest to the glacier’s snout as these would be deposited first.