Test your knowledge of hedgerows and a small-scale UK ecosystem with this 15-question GCSE quiz.

If you haven't already done it, work through the hedgerows and small-scale UK ecosystem web enquiry on the PowerPoint. Or do it again to help fill in any gaps in what you know!

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HIGH SCORES

Rank Name Score
1st OLS 30
2nd CME 30
3rd PRF 29
4th JHO 28
5th GUS 26
6th JJH 25
7th Jim 25
8th RHE 25
9th Geo 25
10th HRH 25

QUIZZES // Hedgerows – a small-scale UK ecosystem

Q1. How many trees are there estimated to be in the UK’s ‘Long Forest’ ecosystem?

1,800

18,000

180,000

1,800,000

Q2. There are over 88,000km of hedgerows in Wales, which is …

enough to stretch twice around the world

enough to stretch from Cardiff to Cairo

as long as the Great Wall of China

the same length as the M4 motorway

Q3. How much of its hedgerows has Wales lost since the end of the Second World War?

0–5%

25–30%

50%

80–90%

Q4. Which one of these is a reason why hedges were cleared from fields after the war?

Tractors became smaller but more powerful.

Hedgerows didn’t have any gateways for machinery to get into fields.

Farmers didn’t keep livestock (e.g. sheep) anymore; they only grew crops.

Larger fields meant more crops could be grown.

Q5. Which of these is a way of conserving hedges?

Clearing out birds’ nests

Preventing erosion

Learning the skill of hedge laying

Never cutting hedges

Q6. A lot of hedges in the UK were planted in which century, when the Enclosure Acts encouraged landowners to divide up open fields with fences and hedges?

11th century

14th century

18th century

20th century

Q7. Which one of these animals uses hedgerows to help them navigate as they fly around the UK’s countryside?

Golden eagles

Dragonflies

Bats

Puffins

Q8. Hedgerows are a vital habitat, along with woodlands, for which of these UK mammals?

Dormice

Water voles

Brown rats

Red deer

Q9. How many species of insect can use one oak tree as a food source?

2,500

250

25

2.5

Q10. Which one of these is a way in which hedgerows are very useful to farmers?

Reducing soil nutrients

As biofuel

Quick to put up whenever animals need to be kept apart

Reducing soil erosion

Q11. Hedge management is best avoided during the bird nesting season, which is when?

January to November

March to April

March to August

November to January

Q12. Which of these hedge plants would be best for a farmer wanting to keep livestock in fields?

Bamboo and bracken

Oak and ash

Hawthorn and blackthorn

Nettles and field maples

Q13. Which of these is the best definition for the term ecosystem?

The natural home of an animal or plant.

A community of living things and their physical environment.

The flow of nutrients through an ecosystem.

The different ways that ecosystems give humans something we need.

Q14. Which one of these is most likely to be a risk factor when surveying a hedgerow?

Risk of chemical spills.

Risk of fire.

Risk of plant allergies.

Risk of injury from incorrect lifting techniques.

Q15. Which of these countries of the United Kingdom began the Long Forest Project?

Wales

England

Scotland

Northern Ireland

Finished!

You scored this time. The more correct answers you give, and the fewer incorrect answers you guess, the better your score.

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