Test your knowledge of coastal landforms and processses with this 15-question GCSE quiz.

If you haven't already done it, work through the Coastal landforms and processses web enquiry on the PowerPoint. Or do the quiz again to help fill in any gaps in what you know!

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HIGH SCORES

Rank Name Score
1st ERM 30
2nd NJH 30
3rd kjy 30
4th Cfi 29
5th SMR 29
6th RPA 28
7th EMG 21
8th ### ###
9th ### ###
10th ### ###

QUIZZES // Coastal landforms and processes quiz

Q1. What is the correct definition of geomorphic processes?

Naturally occurring processes that change the shape of the land, including erosion, weathering and deposition

The movement of sediment along a beach

When soluble particles are dissolved by seawater

When pieces of rock bash into each other and become smaller, smoother and more rounded

Q2. What is the fetch?

When water flows back down the beach into the sea

When the swash is greater than the backwash

The distance of ocean over which the prevailing wind blows

Destructive waves

Q3. What are the two types of waves?

Swash and backwash

Longshore and drift

Abrasion and attrition

Constructive and destructive

Q4. Which of the following statements about longshore drift is true?

The swash occurs in the same direction as the prevailing wind direction

The swash moves at right angles

Gravity determines the swash

The direction of longshore drift is the same direction as the backwash

Q5. The four types of coastal erosion are…

…swash, backwash, constructive and destructive

…hydraulic action, attrition, abrasion and solution

…physical, biological, chemical and mechanical

…cave, arch, stack and stump

Q6. Which is the correct definition of hydraulic action?

When pieces of rock bash into each other, becoming smaller, smoother and more rounded

When pieces of rock and sand wear away the cliffs like sandpaper

When soluble particles are dissolved by seawater

When water crashes against the coastline it forces air into cracks in the rock, causing pieces to break away

Q7. Abrasion occurs when…

…seawater crashes against the coastline forces air into cracks in the rock and causes pieces to break away

…soluble particles of rock are dissolved by seawater

...pieces of rock and sand wear away the cliffs like sandpaper

…pieces of rock bash into each other, becoming smaller, smoother and more rounded

Q8. Bays and headlands form when…

…there are different amounts of constructive and destructive waves

…bands of harder and softer rock are present along a coastline

…the cliffs are prone to different amounts of sliding and slumping

…different amounts of swash and backwash occur on a beach

Q9. What is the best description of a wave-cut platform?

A wide, gently sloping rock surface where cliff retreat has occurred

The distance of ocean over which the prevailing wind blows

A tall column of rock left when an arch collapses

A notch at the base of a cliff that has been eroded by the sea

Q10. What is freeze-thaw weathering?

Where plant/tree roots break up the rock

The chemical breakdown of rocks by acidic sea and rain water

The rotational mass movement of sediment on a cliff

When water gets into cracks, freezes and expands, and (over time) breaks up the rock

Q11. Which of these are types of mass movement?

Arches and stacks

Biological and mechanical

Slides and slumps

Constructive and destructive

Q12. What is the usual sequence of headland erosion?

Crack > Cave > Arch > Stump > Stack

Stack > Crack > Arch > Stump > Cave

Stump > Stack > Arch > Cave > Crack

Crack > Cave > Arch > Stack > Stump

Q13. What kind of coastal landform is ‘Old Harry’?

A cave

A stack

An arch

A beach

Q14. Only one of these statements about headland erosion is true. Which is it?

When an arch collapses, it leaves a stack

Headlands are made from bands of soft rock

Caves erode further to become faults

When a stump collapses, it leaves a stack

Q15. Which of these is an example of a headland?

The Azure Window

The Twelve Apostles

Old Harry’s Wife

Flamborough Head

Finished!

You scored this time. The more correct answers you give, and the fewer incorrect answers you guess, the better your score.

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