Test your knowledge of the impact of colonialism on modern African countries with this 10-question quiz.
If you haven't already done it, watch Dipo Faloyin’s lecture Africa is Not a Country, or do the quiz again to help fill in any gaps in what you know!
That the people of Africa couldn't make a decision for themselves
That the people of Africa were uncivilised
That is was possible for them to act illegally because it was important that they benefitted from the land
That it wasn't illegal because the people of Africa were giving them the land as a gift
The colonial powers were only interested in what resources they could extract and so they carved up the land into many different pieces with little understanding of the people that lived there
The 'scramble for Africa' was not seen as disastrous. In fact, King Leopold of Belgium got permission to engage in the 'scramble' specifically because he assured the Berlin Conference that it would lead to improved conditions for the people living there
Because it led to much of the land being deforested which meant that the people of Africa couldn't use wood as a resource
The Niger and the Congo rivers were made free for ship traffic which led to the pollution of the neighbouring countries water resources
Known as the 'Builder King', Leopold II sold many of his nation's public buildings to pay for the running of the colony
He sold the Congo to France
He refused to pay and the country became independent of his rule
The previously free Congolese people were used as slaves to extract rubber to be sold
It meanders significantly and so the border is very windy
There are lots of tributaries and so it's difficult to know which part of the river forms the border
The river floods regularly and so people who live near it really struggle to cultivate their crops
The river changes direction and so the border moves regularly. Sometimes the people who live near the river are Ugandan and at other times they are Congolese
They all gained independence at different times and so it would have been confusing if some countries changed their borders and others didn't
They thought that the borders that had been decided by the colonial powers were effective and fair
They felt that further upset and division would be created if the borders changed further
They understood that bigger countries, such as Nigeria, would end up swallowing smaller neighbouring countries, which would not be good overall for the prosperity of the continent
It was a documentary designed to lead to the arrest of war criminal, Joseph Kony. It painted Uganda in a negative light which discouraged tourists from wanting to visit the country
It was a photograph of a hunter, Joseph Kony, who posted images of dead safari animals online. Animal welfare charities discouraged tourists from engaging in safaris which reduced the number of tourists.
It was a water-borne disease outbreak in Lake Bunyonyi which meant that the area had to go into quarantine meaning that tourists could not visit the area
It was the election of the President which led to violent clashes in the capital Kampala meaning that tourists were discouraged from visiting
You scored this time. The more correct answers you give, and the fewer incorrect answers you guess, the better your score.