Test your knowledge of the impact of colonialism on modern African countries with this 10-question quiz.

If you haven't already done it, watch Dipo Faloyin’s lecture Africa is Not a Country, or do the quiz again to help fill in any gaps in what you know!

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Rank Name Score
1st SDA 18
2nd JDR 18
3rd OEG 18
4th DMD 18
5th JDR 16
6th LKC 14
7th DAS 14
8th Hds 14
9th SRW 13
10th DMD 13

QUIZZES // Africa is not a country

Q1. What percentage of African countries were 'free', before 1884 when a group of countries gathered to discuss the continent's future at the Berlin Conference?





Q2. The colonial powers represented at the Berlin Conference wanted to invade and divide the continent of Africa between themselves so that they could benefit from the land. They knew this action was illegal so what reasoning did they give for doing this?

That the people of Africa couldn't make a decision for themselves

That the people of Africa were uncivilised

That is was possible for them to act illegally because it was important that they benefitted from the land

That it wasn't illegal because the people of Africa were giving them the land as a gift

Q3. Why was the 'scramble for Africa' so disastrous for the people living on the continent?

The colonial powers were only interested in what resources they could extract and so they carved up the land into many different pieces with little understanding of the people that lived there

The 'scramble for Africa' was not seen as disastrous. In fact, King Leopold of Belgium got permission to engage in the 'scramble' specifically because he assured the Berlin Conference that it would lead to improved conditions for the people living there

Because it led to much of the land being deforested which meant that the people of Africa couldn't use wood as a resource

The Niger and the Congo rivers were made free for ship traffic which led to the pollution of the neighbouring countries water resources

Q4. How did King Leopold of Belgium pay for the running of the Democratic Republic of Congo?

Known as the 'Builder King', Leopold II sold many of his nation's public buildings to pay for the running of the colony

He sold the Congo to France

He refused to pay and the country became independent of his rule

The previously free Congolese people were used as slaves to extract rubber to be sold

Q5. How many colonial powers attended the Berlin Conference?





Q6. Which country's border was set by Britain and France as '10km both sides of the river and extending as far into the interior as Yobatadan'?

The Gambia

Sierra Leone



Q7. What percentage of ethnic groups were torn appart and split between countries by the carving up of Africa?





Q8. Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo share a border, part of which is created by the Semliki river. Why is this particular border problematic?

It meanders significantly and so the border is very windy

There are lots of tributaries and so it's difficult to know which part of the river forms the border

The river floods regularly and so people who live near it really struggle to cultivate their crops

The river changes direction and so the border moves regularly. Sometimes the people who live near the river are Ugandan and at other times they are Congolese

Q9. When African countries gained independence from the 1960s, why did they decide to keep the borders that had been originally decided by the colonial powers?

They all gained independence at different times and so it would have been confusing if some countries changed their borders and others didn't

They thought that the borders that had been decided by the colonial powers were effective and fair

They felt that further upset and division would be created if the borders changed further

They understood that bigger countries, such as Nigeria, would end up swallowing smaller neighbouring countries, which would not be good overall for the prosperity of the continent

Q10. What was 'Kony 2012' and how did it decimate tourism in Uganda?

It was a documentary designed to lead to the arrest of war criminal, Joseph Kony. It painted Uganda in a negative light which discouraged tourists from wanting to visit the country

It was a photograph of a hunter, Joseph Kony, who posted images of dead safari animals online. Animal welfare charities discouraged tourists from engaging in safaris which reduced the number of tourists.

It was a water-borne disease outbreak in Lake Bunyonyi which meant that the area had to go into quarantine meaning that tourists could not visit the area

It was the election of the President which led to violent clashes in the capital Kampala meaning that tourists were discouraged from visiting


You scored this time. The more correct answers you give, and the fewer incorrect answers you guess, the better your score.

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